Guide to Food Additives - E100-E181


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FOOD ADDITIVE CODE BREAKER - COLORING AGENTS



 
 
Number
Name
Comments
E100
Curcumin
orange-yellow color, derived from turmeric, a member of the ginger family
E101
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
yellow color, it's a vitamin!!!
E102
Tartrazine
yellow color, commonly used, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Typical products are soft drinks, confectionary, cordials, pickles
E104
Quinoline yellow
not permitted in Australia
E107
Yellow 2G
yellow color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. People who suffer Asthma may also show an allergic reaction to it. Typical products are soft drinks
E110
Sunset yellow FCF
yellow color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Some people show allergic reactions to it (rashes, swelling, vomiting). Typical products are cordials, confectionary, packet soups
E120
Cochineal, carminic acid
red color, the HASCG* recommends to avoid it. Rarely used
E122
Carmoisine
red color, the HASCG* recommends to avoid it. Sensitive people and asthmatics may show allergic reactions to it. Typical products are confectionary, marzipan, jelly crystals
E123
Amaranth
purplish-red color, banned in the United States in 1976, still used in Australia. Avoid it! Typical products are cake mixes, fruit-flavoured fillings, jelly crystals
E124
Brilliant scarlet 4R
red color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Asthmatics and people with aspirin sensitivity may show allergic reactions
E127
Erythrosine
red color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Might increase thyroid hormone levels and lead to hyperthyroidism. Can cause sensitivity to light. Typical products are custard mix, biscuits, glace' cherries, canned cherries and strawberries
E128
Red 2G
not permitted in Australia
E129
Allura red AC
red color, may be an allergen in allergic skin conditions. Typical products are biscuits, cake mixes, fruit-flavoured fillings
E131
Patent blue
not permitted in Australia
E132
Indigo carmine
blue color, people with allergies should avoid it. May cause nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, skin rashes, breathing problems and other allergic reactions. Typical products are confectionary, biscuits
E133
Brilliant blue FCF
blue color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it
E140
Chlorophyll
green to olive color, naturally part of man's diet
E141
Cpper complexes of chloropyll and chlorophyllins
olive color, no adverse effects are known
E142
Green S
green color, seems safe in small quantities
E150
Caramel
dark brown color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Typical products are oyster, soy, fruit and canned sauces, beer, whiskey, biscuits, pickles
E151
Brilliant black BN
black color, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it
E153
Vegetable carbon
black colour, banned in the United States, still used in Australia
E154
Brown FK
not permitted in Australia
E155
Chocolate brown HT
brown colour, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Typical products are chocolate cake mixes
E160(a)
Carotene, alpha-, beta-, gamma-
orange-yellow colour, converts to vitamin A in the body
E160(b)
Annatto (bixin, norbixin)
peach colour, the HACSG* recommends to avoid it. Typical products are dairy products
E160(c)
Capsanthin
not permitted in Australia
E160(d)
Lycopene
not permitted in Australia
E160(e)
Beta-apo-8'-carotenal
orange color, no adverse effects are known
E160(f)
Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid
orange color, no adverse effects are known
E161
Xanthophylls
yellow color, unlikely to produce adverse effects
E161(g)
Canthaxanthin
orange color, no adverse effects are known
E162
Beet red, betanin
purple color, no adverse effects are known
E163
Anthocyanins
violet color, seems safe
E170
Calcium carbonate
no adverse effects are known
E171
Titanium dioxide
white color, no adverse effects are known
E172
Iron oxides
seems safe
E173
Aluminium
not permitted in Australia
E174
Silver
not permitted in Australia
E175
Gold
not permitted in Australia
E180
Pigment rubine
not permitted in Australia
E181
Tannic acid, tannins
clarifying agent in alcoholic drinks
 
 


* Hyperactive Children's Support Group (HACSG), substance may cause allergic reactions





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