Food Additives


Vegetable Gums, Emuslifiers, Stabilisers E400 - E495

Number Name Comments
E400Alginic acid no known adverse effects in small quantities. Large quantities can inhibit the absorption of some nutrients
E401Sodium alginate see E400
E402Potassium alginate see E400
E403Ammonium alginate see E400
E404Calcium alginate see E400
E405Propylene glycol alginate no known adverse effects
E406Agar see E400
E407Carrageenan seems quite safe in small quantities
E410Locust bean gum no known adverse effects in small quantities, may lower chlesterol levels
E412Guar gum see E410
E413Tragacanth possible contact allergy
E414Acacia possible allergen, soothes irritations of mucous membranes
E415Xanthan gum no known adverse effects
E416Karaya gum possible allergen
E420Sorbitol not permitted in foods for infants and young children, can cause gastric disturbance. Typical products are dried fruits, confectionary, pastries, low caorie foods
E421Mannitol possible allergen, may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea. Typical products are low calorie foods
E422Glycerin Large quantities can cause headaches, thirst, nausea and high blood sugar levels. Typical products are liquers, confectionary, dried fruit, low calorie foods
E432Polysorbate 20 not permitted in Australia
E433Polysorbate 80 may increase the absorption of fat-soluble substances
E434Polysorbate 40 not permitted in Australia
E435Polysorbate 60 see E433
E436Polysorbate 65 see E433
E440(a)Pectin Large quantities may cause temporary flatulence or intestinal discomfort
E440(b)Amidated pectin no known adverse effects
E441Gelatine possible allergen, may contain 220, asthmatics and people allergic to sulphites beware!!!!!
E442Ammonium phosphatides no known adverse effects
E450Sodium and potassium polyphosphates High intakes may upset the calcium/phosphate equilibrium
E460Powdered cellulose no known adverse effects
E461Methylcellulose can cause flatulence, distension, intestinal obstruction
E463Hydroxypropyl-cellulose not permitted in Australia
E464Hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose no known adverse effects
E465Methylethylcellulose no known adverse effects
E466Sodium carboxymethyl-cellulose no known adverse effects
E469Sodium caseinate no known adverse effects
E470Salts of fatty acids not permitted in Australia
E471Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids no known adverse effects
E472Fatty acid esters of glycerol no known adverse effects
E473Sucrose esters of fatty acids no known adverse effects
E474Sucroglycerides not permitted in Australia
E475Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids no known adverse effects
E476Polyglycerol polyricinoleate no known adverse effects
E477Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids no known adverse effects
E480Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate awaiting results of studies
E481Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate no known adverse effects
E482Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate no known adverse effects
E483Stearyl tartrate not permitted in Australia
E491Sorbitan monos tearate no known adverse effects
E492Sorbitan tristearate may increase th absorption of fat-soluble substances
E493Sorbitan monolaurate not permitted in Australia
E494Sorbitan mono-oleate not permitted in Australia
E495Sorbitan monopalmitate not permitted in Australia